Gods in Ancient Egypt

Amon/Ra
In origin one of the eight primordial divinities worshipped in Ermopoli. He then becomes the supreme god. The solar divinity Amon-Ra. The city Tebe is the main centre of his cult. His name means “the mysterious one”, together whit his wife Muth and his son Khons forms the threesome in Tebe. His animal is the ram, as it can be seen by the cerimonial path of his main temple in Karnak.

Anubi
The jackal god in Cinopolis, he assists Horus and thot in the weighing of the dead person’s heart, keeper of secrets. He’s Osiris’s and Nefthi’s illegittimate son.

Anuket
Goddess of Sehel island and of the first cataract; she was represented with a strange headgear, maybe of foreign origin. Together with Khnum and Satet she formed the threesome in Elefantina.

Apis
Apis was considered the god Ptah’s “ba”, who lived inside the temple and was kept by the priests. Only one sacred bull at a time was warshipped and when the animal died it was embalmed and buried with solemn ceremony. The Apis, dying, became an Osiris that is the Osiris-Apis, from which the identification with Serapis. Not all the bulls were sacred. Only the ones that had a white spot on their head and other characteristics.

Aphophis
Name of the snake that in the Duat (afterlife) reign fights against the sun god to oppose to his landing in orient.

Atum
Main god in Eliopoli, the creator, then identified with the sun. His sacred animals were the lion and the snake.

Bastet
Goddess of Bubasti. Represented with the head of a cat, she’s past of a myth that sees her as the last transformation of the cycle: the eye of the son was furious and transformed in a lioness, (Sekhmet) she ascaped to Nubia; here reached by that, was calmed by the god. More calm, she transformed into a woman with the head of a cat, of a more peaceful nature.

Bes
Protector god of the house and children

Duamutef
Horu’s son, with the head of a jackal. Funeral god, represented on the canpoy rase that held the stomach. He’s under Neith’s protection.

Geb
God of the earth, Nut’s husband and brother.

Hathor
Hathor was goddess of Afroditopolis and Dendera. Goddess of love, patron of music and dance, generally represented by a cow. Her emblem was the sistro.

Hapi
Divinity that represented the Nile. It’s not the deified river, but its spirit, its dinamic essence. It was represented by a man with heavy breast and a prominent stomach, to symbolize abundance; the divinity always brought gifts, flowers and plants.

Hapy
Horus’ son, with the head of a baboom funeral god, represented on the canopy vases that held the lungs. He’s under Nefthi’s protection

Heh
They are million, in partnership to other Hehs represent the presence of the air.

Horus
God of Behdat. Hawk god, split in Horus the great and child Horus. In the mythology god of the sky, of the light and of goodness. One of the main Egyptian divinities, Horus was Isis’s son, goddess of nature, and Osiris’s, god of the underground world; when Osiris was killed by his world; When Osiris was killed by his evil brother Seth, god of darkness and of evil, Horus avenged his father’s death killing his uncle. Usually he is represented as a hawk (or whit the head of a hawk), he is also represented as a child with a finger on his lips (and for this he was considered god of silence by the Romans). Horus was know by the greek and the Romans with the name Arpocrate.

Imset
Horus’ son, with a human head. Funeral god, represented on the canopy vase that held the liver. He’s under Isis’s protection.

Iusaas
God Atum’s wife

Isis
She’s the great sorceress, the mother and queen goddess. Osiris is her husband-brother, Horus is her son. The name Isis means “the throne”.

Khepri
Name that indicates the morning aspect of the sun, generally represented as a scarabs.

Khonsu
God of Tebe associated to the moon. With Amon and Muth he formed the threesome in Tebe.

Khnum
Goat god of Hypselis, Esna and Elefantina, inventor of men (modelled on the potter’s lathe) and as “Master of the waterfall”, he regulate the floods of the Nile.

Maat
Symbol of truth and justice. Figure of the judging ceremony of the dead person. Goddess of the “the rule” which bad to be followed by men, kings and gods.

Min
God of the earth and of fecundity, Horus’s appellative. He was the local god in Coptos and in the desert area between the Nile and the read sea, as also in Panopolis. He was always represented as an itifallic god.

Montu
Warrior god, patron of war and its arts.

Muth
Goddess of a place near Karnak, where there is her temple.

Nefertem
God of the Memphis region. He was Ptah’s and Sekhmet’s son.

Nefthi
Goddess in Diospolis Parra. Geb’s and Nut’s daughter, Osiris’s, Isis’s, and Seth’s sister, also bride of the latter (though not in love) and Anubi’s mother.

Neith
Goddess in Sais.

Nekhbet
Vulture goddess in El Kab. She was associated to royalty.

Nun
Primordial liquid mass from which the god-son Atum-ra emersed.

Nut
Goddess of the sky.

Osiris
God in Busiride. He’s the god-king in Egypt, Isis’s husband-brother and Horus’s father.
After death he reign in the other world, where besides being the sovereign, he is the supreme judge.
As god of vegetation he is often represented as a mummy from which plants grow.

Ptah
God in Memphis and creator of the universe.
His existance should be precedent to Atum-Ra’s one. Patron of the sculptors and of the shapers, his sacred animal was the bull Apis.

Quebhsenuf
Horus’s son, with the head of a falcon. Funeral god, represented on the canopy vases that kept the intestine. He is under Selket’s protection.

Renenutet
She was the divinity in the Fayyum region worshipped as the “lady of the Fertile hard” and “Lady of the barns” to which Amenemhat III dedicated a temple in Medinat Ma’adi. T

Selkis
Funerary goddess together with Isis, Neftis and Neith

Serket
She belongs to the group of sorceress goddesses associated to Isis.

Satet
Goddess in Elefantina and Khnum’s bride.

Sekmet
Goddess in Rehesu, she was the goddess of health and of evil of the same time, matron of war and medecine. She was represented as a lioness and believed to be Ptat’s bride. She was bound to Bastet, the cat goddess, in whom it was believed she was transformed.

Seshat
Goddess of destinity.

Seth
God in Ombos, Nefthi’s brother and husband.
God of drought and bad time, destructive power, symbol of evil.
According to the legend he killed his brother Osiris. He is represented as an indefinable animal, maybe because today it’s extinct, halfway between a donkey and a dog.

Shu
God of dry air, Atum-ra’s son and Tefnut’s twin. He generates Geb and Nut.

Sobek
Croccodile god in Fayyum and in Kom Ombo, connected to the waters and to fertility. Later creator god.

Sokar
God of the Memphista necropolis, patron of metallurgy and of smiths.

Tefnut
Goddess in Oxyrhynchos. Goddess of damp air, Atum-ra’s daughter and Shu’s twin and bride.

Thot
God in Hermopolis. God of wisdom, messenger of the gods. In afterlife he assists to the weighing of the dead person’s heart. Represented with the head of a baboom he is god of science, of writing, of magic arts and of the moon cyrcle.

Tueret
Hyppopotamus goddess, protector of the house and of pregnancy.

Uaget
Snake goddess in Buto, she was matron of royalty and associated to Nekhbet in the pharaoh’s title.

Upuaut
The opener of streets.

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